currency can be even more painful than deflationary expenditure cuts; and that governments. As Party Secretary, MacDonald negotiated an agreement with the leading Liberal politician Herbert Gladstone (son of the late Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone which allowed Labour to contest a number of working class seats without Liberal opposition, 27 thus. Twentieth Century British History. English History: (1965) Thorpe, Andrew. Philip Snowden was a rigid exponent of orthodox finance and would not permit any deficit spending to stimulate the economy, despite the urgings of Oswald Mosley, David Lloyd George and the economist John Maynard Keynes. 32 In that same year, MacDonald was elected MP for Leicester along with 28 others, 33 and became one of the leaders of the Parliamentary Labour Party. 115 He was awarded honorary Doctor of Laws (LLD) degrees by the universities of Wales, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Oxford and McGill and the George Washington University. 54 At the 1922 election, Labour replaced the Liberals as the main opposition party to the Conservative government of Stanley Baldwin, making MacDonald Leader of the Opposition. Since the 1960s historians have defended his reputation, emphasising his earlier role in building up the Labour Party, dealing with the Great Depression, and as a forerunner of the political realignments of the 1990s and 2000s. He moved to Seaham Harbour in County Durham, a safer seat, in order to avoid a highly embarrassing defeat.
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He became the first Labour Prime Minister, 59 the first from a working-class background 59 and one of the very few without a university education. 21314 a b c d e f Morgan, Kevin. 82 The government struggled to site gratuit de rencontre en france bathurst parish
cope with the crisis and found itself attempting to reconcile two contradictory aims: achieving a balanced budget to maintain the pound on the Gold standard, and maintaining assistance to the poor and unemployed. Britain Between the Wars. British statesman; Prime Minister of the United Kingdom "Prime Minister MacDonald" redirects here.
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GoGaspe Community News, these news items are posted by fellow Gaspesians and those interested in Gaspe, and we invite all our readers to contribute. Ramsay MacDonald received an elementary education at the Free Church of Scotland school in Lossiemouth from 1872 to 1875, and then at Drainie parish school. He left school at the end of the summer term in 1881, at the age of 15, and began work on a nearby farm.
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form a National Government with the Conservatives and Liberals. Very Peculiar Circumstances Walter Runciman and the National Government, 1931-3". 60 First government (1924) edit Further information: First MacDonald ministry MacDonald had never held office but demonstrated energy, executive ability, and political astuteness. " France at the Paris Peace Conference: Addressing the Dilemmas of Security". In any case, it had little impact on the Labour vote, which actually increased. He left school at the end of the summer term in 1881, at the age of 15, and began work on a nearby farm. 64 Reputation edit For half a century, MacDonald was demonised by the Labour Party as a turncoat who consorted with the enemy and drove the Labour Party to its nadir. The issues that dominated the election campaign were the Campbell Case and the Russian treaties which soon combined into the single issue of the Bolshevik threat. 75 76 Despite all that had gone on, the result of the election was not disastrous for Labour. However, a Special General Meeting held in 1929 finally voted for his reinstatement. Marquand praised the prime minister's decision to place national interests before that of party in 1931. Although disappointed at the harsh terms of the Versailles Treaty, he supported the League of Nations but by 1930 he felt that the internal cohesion of the British Empire and a strong, independent British defence programme might turn out. 78 79 MacDonald at Tomb of Unknown Soldier, Washington, DC, Baldwin resigned and MacDonald again formed a minority government, at first with Lloyd George's cordial support. Invergordon Mutiny and he called a general election in 1931 seeking a "doctor's mandate" to fix the economy. The issues behind the General Strike) and pass a housing act which focused on slum clearances. 1929 Great Depression edit Main article: Great Depression in the United Kingdom MacDonald's government had no effective response to the economic crisis which followed the Stock Market Crash of 1929.